Human Growth Hormone (HGH) or Somatotrophin is a protein which helps in growth and cell production in animals and humans. It is the hormone which is made naturally in the pituitary glands of humans. The pituitary gland is deep inside the brain just behind the eye. The hormone is made in the body throughout a persons life but the development of this hormone is more when the person is young. The human growth Hormone is a microscopic protein substance and is found secreted in short pulses after the exercise and during first hours of sleep. The hormone plays a very essential role in adult metabolism and growth of children.
The growth hormone as then name suggests helps in the growth of the human body. It stimulates the liver and other tissues which in turn stimulates the growth of bones. The process of growing continues till a particular time i.e the time a person reaches adult height. But the role of this particular hormone does not ends, then there will be normal level of this hormone that will maintain the balance throughout lifetime. Another function is to control protein, carbohydrate and fat metabolism, and stimulate the growth of muscle tissue in cell reproduction. Our lifestyle, diet, exercise, adequate sleep, stress levels will have great impact on it and its capacity to function properly.
Normal growth and proper function will always keep the body fit but there are condition when there is excessive growth of this hormone or deficiency, both hampers the proper functioning of the body along with some adverse effects. If the level of HGH is increased in the body it results in Giantism in children where the growth is rapid and in continuation. Whereas in adults it results in Acromegaly, a disease in which the bones of the jaws, fingers and toes thickens which exerts pressure on nerves, insulin resistance or a person can suffer from a rare form of type2 diabetes. This is not all, a person with increased growth hormone can have weak muscles and reduced sexual function. This condition is treated with medication which obstructs the release of human growth hormone.
When there is deficiency it results in stunted growth in children whereas the effects are mild in grown ups. They will experience muscle weakness, fatigue or weariness and inability to metabolize the fat. The deficiency can be treated with the supplements of human growth hormone. But in more severe conditions the solution lies in surgery.
There are HGH injections ,HGH oral sprays and HGH supplements which are meant to fulfill the requirement when the body is not able to produce it naturally. The growth hormone are said to be working as anti aging process, but the more advanced studies reveal that the evidence are inconclusive to prove that HGH reverse the process of aging. Prolong use or regular application of growth hormone will definitely have many side effects and long lasing ill effects on health.