Sunday, September 23, 2007

"Global warming" or not, carbon dioxide emissions demand EPA attention

The focus of the public's concern over carbon emissions has been overwhelmingly fixated on the potential for future temperature increases. Accordingly, the legal wrangling has focused there as well, with lawsuits flying over states' ability to regulate automotive CO2 output and whether the EPA needs to treat it as a pollutant due to the climate impact. But a paper that will appear in Geophysical Research Letters (a PDF of a draft is available) suggests this legal wrangling may be besides the point: the impact of atmospheric CO2 on the oceans should exceed EPA standards within decades, and cuts in emissions need to be made immediately if we're to avoid harming key species.

The impact of atmospheric carbon on the ocean is no secret within the scientific community, but it has yet to pervade the public consciousness. It's based on simple chemistry: atmospheric CO2 exists in equilibrium with its dissolved form in water, and that dissolved form is a weak acid. Increase the CO2 in the air, and bodies of water will gradually get more acidic unless they have some way of eliminating the carbon.

Separate from any arguments over its effect on climate, pretty much everyone agrees that atmospheric CO2 levels are increasing, from about 280 parts-per-million in preindustrial times to about 380ppm in the current day. That increase has been accelerating, so that we're expected to hit 500ppm within four decades. Continuing at the current pace would have us clear 750ppm before the century is over.

The consequences of that 500ppm level is where the new paper comes in. The paper started out as what appears to be an academic spat; an article published by a single author last year in the same journal suggested that the impact of this change on the acidity of the ocean will be relatively mild, and specifically phrased (for no obvious reasons) it in terms of being within water quality standards set by the EPA: even by the end of the century, it claimed, the pH of the ocean will be within the EPA's recommended levels.

The new publication is a response to that earlier work and was prepared by a large collection of authors that work at many prestigious institutes around the globe. The response hammers the original publication, suggesting that it is flawed at nearly every level. "Based on inappropriate assumptions and erroneous thermodynamic calculations," the new report states, "[the 2006 paper] mistakenly reports that atmospheric CO2 concentrations of 760 ppm will lower the pH of the surface ocean by 0.28 relative to the natural 'mid 18th century' conditions." For those who do not normally follow the scientific literature, having three separate accusations of error in the second sentence of a paper is very rare.

According to the authors of the new work, the original paper went astray largely because of its assumption that atmospheric carbon will equilibrate instantly across the entire body of the ocean; instead, this process is expected to take 5-10,000 years. That error, along with a number of more technical problems, led the original paper to grossly underestimate the pH changes that will be caused by the increase in atmospheric carbon. The net result is that even reaching 500ppm of CO2 in the atmosphere will cause the ocean to exceed the acceptable pH change in EPA's Water Quality Criteria.

The authors of the paper go on to detail how the ocean pH criteria was set in 1976 and doesn't even reflect current information on its likely impact. The current data suggests that, before the century is out, we may reach the point where coral reefs begin receding due to a combination of erosion and having the coral simply dissolve into the increasingly acidic seas. Many forms of plankton that sit at the base of the oceanic food chain may also have difficulty building their mineral skeletons under the expected pH conditions. Given the expected trajectory of carbon emissions and the time involved in the ocean's equilibration, the clear implication is that emissions will have to be cut drastically and nearly immediately to keep things within the recommended range.

Will the EPA do so? Their water quality standards were designed to aid the development of strategies for meeting specific targets but, as the agency notes, "the strategy does not impose legally binding requirements on EPA, states, tribes or the regulated community." Still, the paper is likely to increase the pressure on the agency, as it obviates the two arguments the EPA has used to defend its current inaction: questioning whether carbon dioxide-induced warming represented pollution in any way, and questioning whether warming posed a risk of material damage.

If the paper's arguments reach the broader public, they also may shift the debate over carbon emissions in general. Many people have a hard time grasping century-scale temperature change and melting ice caps; water pollution and crashing fisheries are things that many people and governments have more immediate experience with.


Thursday, September 20, 2007

10 Things to Remember When Confronted By The Police - Avoid the "Bro, Don't Tase Me" Moment!

If you have a confrontation with the police - know your rights and know what you should or should not do to give them up. Just follow these 10 rules:

1. Don't Talk.
Do not say a word to the officer. Just shut up! I cannot stress to you the importance of this rule. Do not talk! Do not attempt to convince the officer of your innocence. Everyone is innocent, no one should be arrested and no one should be in jail and that is all the officer hears all day every day. He / she does not care generally whether you are innocent or guilty and there is nothing that he / she can do at this point. Most times, when people speak to officers they say something that makes their situation far worse. Keep your mouth shut, there will be plenty of time to talk later.

2. Don't Run.
I said above to listen to the officer and follow his / her instructions. Do not be scared and do not let the liquid courage, aka alcohol, convince you that you can outrun the twelve officers and helicopter that will track you down. Also, police become highly suspicious that someone running has a weapon and may be quick to draw their weapon. Additionally, when they do run you down expect much stronger force used to subdue a fleeing suspect.

3. Never Resist Arrest.
Perhaps the most important thing not to do is touch the police officer at all! Again, sober up quick and follow what the officer says. Many people attempt to bump the officer or swat an officers hands away. This often falls under the assault statutes and now a minor misdemeanor arrest becomes a FELONY. Thus a reckless driving charge leads to a year or more in state prison. Additionally, touching the officer in any way can lead to a baton in the mouth.

4. Don't Believe the Police.
It is perfectly legal for the police to lie to get you to make an admission. The police frequently separate two friends and tell one the other one ratted him / her out. Because of the lie, the other friend now rats the first friend out. Police and detectives also state that "it will be easier" to talk now...LIES!!! DON'T BELIEVE THIS BS! It will only be easier for the police to prove their case!

5. No Searching.
Do not allow the police to search anywhere! If the police officer asks, they do not have the right to search and must have your consent. If you are asked make sure you proclaim to any witnesses that "You (the police) do not have consent to search." If they perform the search anyway, that evidence may be thrown out later. Also, if you consent to a search, the officers may find something that you had no idea you had placed somewhere, ie: marijuana left by a friend. Remember, that denying the police consent to search DOES NOT give them the probable cause they would need to conduct a search.

6. Don't Look At Places Where You Don't Want Police to Search.
Police are trained to watch you and react to you. They know that you are nervous and scared and many people look to the areas that they don't want the police to search. Do not react to the search and do not answer any questions. LOOK DOWN AND KEEP YOUR MOUTH SHUT!!!

7. Do Not Talk Shit to the Police.
I don't care if you have been wrongly arrested and the true culprit is standing in front of you. Don't talk shit! Police hear all day that my dad is the the Governor's Assistant's Intern and I will have your badge for this! Police have a lot of discretion in the upcoming charges brought. Police can add charges, change a misdemeanor to a felony, or even talk to the prosecutor that is ultimately prosecuting you.

8. If Police Come to Your Home, Do not Let Them In and Do Not Step Outside Your Home.
If the police are confident you have committed a felony, they are coming in anyway, because they generally don't need an arrest warrant. Make it clear to the police by stating: "No you may not come in", or "I am comfortable talking right here", or "You need a search warrant to enter my home." If they return, your attorney can arrange for you to turn yourself in should that be necessary and you will spend no time in jail between the hearings.

9. Outside Your Home Arrested, Do Not Accept Offer to Go In Your Home for Anything.
The officer may say to you, how about you go inside and change, freshen up, talk to your wife, husband, get a jacket, or any other reason. The police will graciously escort you in and then tear your home apart searching through it. Also, do not let them secure your car. Your car is fine. Remember they are lying to you. They don't give a damn if you are really cold or if you need to talk to your wife or husband.

10. Don't say a word.
It's incredible how many people feel that they can convince the officer, the booking officer or a detective (if your case reaches that stature) that they are not guilty. YOUR CASE IS NOT DECIDED BY THESE PEOPLE. They have no affect on your records. Wait to speak to your lawyer! The courts give enormous weight to "confessions" during this stage. A suspect is almost NEVER released after being arrested.

Follow these ten simply rules religiously and many of your rights will remain intact. I don't care how nervous, scared or drunk you are, THESE RULES ARE VERY IMPORTANT, and will help you tremendously in the short and long run. And remember - we are not your lawyer!

Keep this in your wallet - OR - Memorize it.

The Best and Worst Things About Google's Shared Stuff

Google hunters ferreted out a new feature late last night called Google Shared Stuff. The project is obviously far from ready to ship - but it's too late to squabble about that now! I've got high hopes for social bookmarking in general but this particular project may not be worth your time to check out just yet. To save you the time I've kicked the tires and offer below some of the best and worst things about Google Shared Items so far. In the end I've got some thoughts about what Google could do with this service to make it the best social bookmarking service available.

The Good News

There are a number of things that Google has done well already. It's hard not to compare this product to in particular, the Yahoo! acquired product that most people would agree currently dominates the social bookmarking world.

Compared to, Google Shared Items has great user profiles. No one fills out their profiles and it always drives me nuts. Google has a nice big profile section that screams out for info about you. See mine here. A photo, multiple links associated with your account and more room for text to describe you are all very nice touches.

There's no direct access to cached pages. offers a personal copy of every page you bookmark, in case it changes or goes away. Google might not want to get into that, but they have a cached copy of all public pages - why not provide me a link inside my bookmark archive?

Speaking of and Furl, the team behind Google Shared Items is obviously proud of their "support" for tagging items in,, Facebook, Reddit, Digg and SocialPoster. Unfortunately, it doesn't actually cross post anything, much less to multiple accounts ala OnlyWire. It just links out to your other accounts in a new window. If you want to post to Reddit, you might as well just use a Reddit button and skip Google.

The term label isn't used, "a historical accident" the Google team recently called it, tags are here to stay. There's just an empty field for tagging, though. Did I say this was the good news section?

Finally, though the "article preview" button too often doesn't actually provide a text preview of the article, it is nice. It's a straight rip-off of Facebook's image capture feature, allowing you to flip through the images on the page you're referencing to chose one to associate with that page. To be honest, Facebook borrowed the feature from elsewhere as well.
The Bad News

The worst thing about Google Shared Items is that it doesn't really work. I know that by now, for example, lots of people in my GMail contacts have saved something using the service. They must have. Yet I only see one person's single shared item on the page for friends' items. Likewise, I don't know how to get to any kind of general page, most popular or anything. I'd guess that Google didn't want anyone to use this service yet, but it's live and emailing friends about it is quite prominent.

The private bookmarking option doesn't appear to work yet and the ability to "preview my shared items page with this item on it" is just silly.

I'm sure all of those things will be fixed. Here are some criticisms with more substance.

There's no integration with Google Reader Shared Items. Everyone's mentioned that. There's also no search. It took years before search was integrated with Google Reader.

There's no data export. This is an all-too-typical violation of Google's responsibilities with regard to my data. It's my data, if the option to take my ball off your field and go home isn't available - then I'm not even going to start playing.

The metadata is a mess. The RSS feeds look awful. Item descriptions come through as item titles, there's no easy way to see the actual title of the page or the full URL you're considering clicking through.

Why is all of this going on outside the existing Google Bookmarks service? Perhaps they will be combined at a later date.
Hopes for the Future

You know what Google could do to absolutely blow everyone else out of the water? They could offer an awesome, cross-site recommendation engine. I'd like Google to look at my bookmarks and tell me what I'm missing that people with similar archives have bookmarked. More than that, I want to know who that I don't know has interests similar to mine - and I want to know who is the fastest at finding the items that fit those interests.

Finally, if Google's going to try to play nice with other sites like, Furl and Facebook (you know all of them are being indexed) then I want these recommendations from users all across all these other sites. Give me that and give me the ability to export my data and I may never use again. Joshua Schacter, the founder of, says that a recommendation engine is on its way there (better than before) but who could scale that better than Google?

All in all, I'm excited that Google is investing more into this space - but it's a pretty tepid engagement so far. I wouldn't recommend spending time on the service until something really groundbreaking happens.

Seven LEGAL ways to steal…and they’re good for you.

It’s good to steal. Well, let me rephrase that. It’s good to steal when you’re not breaking any laws. OK, I admit that ‘legal stealing’ is as much of an oxymoron as ‘pretty disgusting’ but as you’ll soon see, it’s possible. In fact, not only is it possible, it can actually help you in your life at home and at work. Let’s call this a legal stealing 101, or perhaps the opposite of the seven deadly sins.

1. Steal Time
Time is precious. So I like to figure out ways to steal time away from some projects and apply them to other things. How can you steal five minutes away from the laundry and bank that time for a more fun project? How can you do your filing in half the time? You’re in effect stealing time and using it for a greater good. Maybe it’s spending extra time with your family, or on a project that makes you feel good. Whenever you can, find ways to steal time from the chores and use that time for something a whole lot more enjoyable.

2. Steal someone from the clutches of death
There are many ways you can help save someone’s life. When my wife and I found out we were expecting our first child, we took classes in CPR and first aid. We wanted to be prepared. But you don’t have to be a movie-style hero to save a life. It can be as simple as giving blood, becoming an organ donor or even learning the good ol’ Heimlich maneuver. You could also steal yourself from death’s clutches by getting fit and eating healthy. However you go about it, I guarantee you’ll feel genuinely good about the sacrifice, big or small, that you have made.

3. Steal ideas
Let me make one thing clear. I’m not advocating patent theft or copyright abuse. I’m talking about much bigger ideas than products you’d find in your local J C Penney. In recent years, I have embraced (stolen) some wonderful ideas that I think needed to be stolen and passed around. One such notion was the “pass on a used book” idea. I heard about someone who found a book in a public place. Inside was a note, which read “please read this book and leave it for someone else when you’re done.” What a great idea. So, I passed that idea on to friends and neighbors, who did the same. You’re stealing great ideas, but only in a way that makes sure those great ideas grow. It’s where peace and happiness can come from.

4. Steal the spotlight
Also known as “steal the show” and “steal the thunder”, it was something I used to be terrified of doing. I’d quite happily prepare work, have ideas and be the ideas man, but would say nothing when someone else came along and stole the spotlight from me. So, in recent times I have decided to steal it back. And I suggest you do the same. At work, it’s making yourself noticed in meetings, having a voice, being seen AND heard. Of course, make sure you have something valuable to say, but if you’re reading this blog you’re already someone with serious savvy. In love, you can steal the spotlight to get the attention of someone you’d like to know a little better. He or she won’t notice a wallflower. You don’t need to be an ass, just be yourself. But be yourself a little bit louder than normal. I spent far too many nights waiting at the side of the dance floor hoping one girl in the room would know I wanted her to speak to me…what was she, telepathic?

5. Steal a kiss
This follows on directly from the last subject. There’s absolutely nothing wrong, be you a guy or a girl, with taking the initiative and giving that first kiss to someone you’ve been making puppy-dog eyes at all night. Not only will you feel great, you’ll get past that whole “I wonder when we’ll kiss” moment that can hang around like a huge pink elephant in the room. Go on, be a devil.

6. Steal someone’s heart
Now, don’t go all “Indiana Jones And The Temple Of Doom” on me and rip someone’s beating heart out of their chest. That would be rude. And messy. If you haven’t fallen in love yet, well, that’s a shame. I found my true love at 26 and became a walking cliché. I left everything I owned and everyone I cared for behind and moved from Britain to America to marry this girl, who is now my wonderful wife of almost 7 years. They say people who have found love live longer. They also say they have more sex, which is never a bad thing. And those feelings of longing, of missing something, well they all go away when you find the right person. I can’t think of anything more wonderful to steal than someone’s heart.

7. Steal a way out
Whether it’s a boring party or a dull meeting, you owe it to yourself not to hang around. We’re lucky if we get 80 years on this planet. About a third of that is spent sleeping, and when you factor in eating, chores, bathroom breaks and all the other stuff of life, that’s not a lot of time left to do the fun stuff. So the idea of hanging around at a party that’s about as fun as getting a root-canal just irks me no-end. Make an excuse and get away. Do something worthwhile. In fact, I’d rather go home and catch up on some sleep than spend an hour embroiled in small-talk with a guy who finds the weather just so fascinating. Hey, it’s WEATHER!

So, I know what some of you are thinking. “Hey, where’s steal home?” Well, as much as I love baseball (which isn’t very much actually…sorry) I thought that one was a little ‘on the nose’ and not actually very helpful. But I do hope these other legal steals encourage you to think a little differently and maybe make some positive changes in your life. They certainly helped me.

Written for Dumb Little Man by Paul Michael, a Sr. Writer for the budget living and life tips blog

Saturday, September 15, 2007

BlogRush launched - cool new widget to deliver FREE traffic to your blog

Internet Marketing guru John Reese unveiled his new product to the world yesterday; BlogRush.

See the new widget in my sidebar to the right ? That’s the BlogRush widget and I have to say its pretty cool. Whats more important though is its free and a fantastic way to get more traffic to your blog.

Click here for more information.

Thursday, September 06, 2007

Italian Tenor Pavarotti Is Dead

ROME (AP) - Luciano Pavarotti, whose vibrant high C's and ebullient showmanship made him one the most beloved tenors, has died, his manager told The Associated Press. He was 71.

Pavarotti had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer last year and underwent further treatment in August 2007.

THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. Check back soon for further information. AP's earlier story is below.

ROME (AP)—Luciano Pavarotti's health has deteriorated and the tenor was in very serious condition, suffering kidney problems and losing consciousness, a local Italian TV station reported Wednesday.

Television station E' TV Antenna-1 in Modena reported that the 71- year-old tenor, who has pancreatic cancer, had lost consciousness and was suffering from kidney problems at the Modena home where he has been recovering following a hospital stay.

The ANSA news agency, citing medical sources, said Pavarotti was believed to have lost consciousness for brief moments in recent days. The AGI news agency said Pavarotti was in "very serious condition." It didn't name its sources.

Modena hospital spokesman Alberto Greco confirmed Pavarotti was at home, but said he had no further information.

Pavarotti's manager, Terri Robson, did not deny the reports; an associate answering Robson's phone said she had no comment.

Pavarotti was released from the hospital Aug. 25, more than two weeks after he was admitted with a high fever. At the time, Robson denied Italian news reports that he had been treated for pneumonia.

The opera star had surgery for the cancer in July 2006 in a New York hospital.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly forms of the disease, though doctors said the surgery offered improved hopes for survival.

At the time of the operation, Pavarotti had been preparing to resume his farewell tour. He has made no public appearances since then.

Copyright 2007 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Wednesday, September 05, 2007

Larry Wachowski's sex change is complete, first photo emerges!

First, I direct you to our previous article, which revealed the truth behind Larry Wachowski's rumored sex change.

Posted over a year ago, we had no inkling of how far his transformation would go...until now.

Here is a shot of larry a few years back, when he fist began taking the female hormone therapy:

Another photo, about a year and a half later:

And this newly released photo from a rare public appearance earlier this year:

The duo will now just be known as "The Wachowskis", dropping the "brothers" part of their name. It is expected that Larry, now called Lana, will actually speak to the press about this for the first time, but not until after the Speed Racer film is out. The current feeling is that his sex change could hurt the family image the Speed Racer film is going for.

It is also expected that Andy will do all the press for the Speed Racer film, with Larry/Lana staying in the background for the above reason.

Dateline NBC is still rumored to have exclusivity of Larry/Lana's first public interview, but it has to be on his terms, not theirs.

More on this as we get it!

The Wachowski brothers are no more!

UPDATE: Over a year later, and we have the big follow-up news on this story! Check out the below link for more on the story covered in this article:

It is no big secret that Larry Wachowski, one half of the filmmaking duo "The Wachowski Brothers", has been undergoing gender reassignment. Despite the fact that the secretive Wachowskis never give interviews, the news has been around since well before 2004. Larry has been undergoing a very long and painful sex change to become "Linda", and due to this, the famed duo may be done for.

A source close to the brothers say that Larry is indeed now officially Linda. The major aspects of the surgery have been complete for some time now, and he (I'm sorry, "she") is now undergoing further hormone treatment and psychological therapy. He has also legally changed his name. The change has put a tremendous strain on his relationship with his brother, but Andy sticks by him regardless of his choices. The source also mentioned that Linda, formerly Larry, is contemplating leaving film for good. This was recommended by his therapist. If he does stay in the team, he obviously won't be a "he" anymore, so the team would be called simply "The Wachowskis".

So what of his long time affair with the famous dominatrix Mistress Ilsa? Well Larry has always been fascinated, if not obsessed, with lesbianism. So he would still be "gay" so to speak, but in the woman + woman category. All of his most recent public appearances were as a woman, save his court appearance, in which he was still very effeminate.

Will Linda ever come out to the public and admit what has happened? That all depends on how the therapy goes. For now, all we can do is wait and see where this goes. There is word that Andy is writing again, so perhaps the project can bring the Wachowskis back together. I have also heard from another source that Dateline NBC is attempting to score the exclusive television interview with the duo, but something tells me it isn't going to happen.

Some of you may still be in denial about what has been happening, so if you like, you can take this with a grain of salt. However, if you want to see how far larry's rabbit hole really goes, Check out these links, just a few of the many reports of tis change that are out there:,2933,181389,00.html

Posted by Jason Triplett on Friday, July 21, 2006 at 5:01 AM | Permalink

Tuesday, September 04, 2007

Crocodile eats 8-year-old girl

* Croc attacks girl at riverbank
* Mother tries to pull girl from jaws
* Crocodile disappears with girl underwater

AN eight-year-old girl has been killed by a crocodile in Papua New Guinea's Gulf Province after her mother fought in vain to pull her daughter from the animal's jaws.

Police said the girl was making sago with her mother by the riverside at Samoa village in Kikori district on Friday when the three-metre crocodile suddenly surfaced and struck.

Villagers watched in horror as it grabbed the girl then entered a tug of war with the mother who seized her daughter's hand and tried to pull her free.

She failed to do so and the crocodile dived then resurfaced with the girl still in its jaws before disappearing, a police spokesman told The National newspaper.

Villagers searched the river and retrieved pieces of the girl's clothing and parts of her body, he said.


Woman sees own heart on display

A woman has seen her own heart on display at a medical exhibition.

Jennifer Sutton, 23, from Ringwood, Hampshire, successfully underwent an operation to replace her heart earlier this year.

She had developed a life-threatening condition called restrictive cardiomyopathy in her teens.

Now the original heart, which nearly killed her, has been put on temporary display by the Wellcome Collection in central London.

The exhibition explores the medical and cultural significance of the heart.

Finally I can see this odd looking lump of muscle that has given me so much upset
Jennifer Sutton

Jennifer decided to lend her heart to the Collection after undergoing surgery at Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, in June.

She hopes to help increase public awareness about organ donation - and the disease that could have ended her life.

Emotional experience

She said: "Seeing my heart for the first time is an emotional and surreal experience.

"It caused me so much pain and turmoil when it was inside me. Seeing it sitting here is extremely bizarre and very strange.

"Finally I can see this odd looking lump of muscle that has given me so much upset."

Restrictive cardiomyopathy causes the heart muscle to stiffen so the heart cannot relax normally after contraction.

As the disease progresses, the heart muscle continues to stiffen and eventually contraction is also affected.

The disease eventually causes death and a transplant is the only cure.

Four out of 10 deaths in the UK are from heart and circulatory disease, according to the British Heart Foundation.

On average heart patients wait 103 days for a suitable organ to become available.

Last year 28 patients died while listed for a heart transplant.

The Wellcome exhibition, which runs until 16 September, includes work by artists Leonardo da Vinci and Andy Warhol, and the Egyptian Book of the Dead.


Sunday, September 02, 2007

Laptop, Ipods and other gadgets free from World Wide Giveaway (CNN/BBC)

How can we give up free products ? Well it's a simple new system involving a three step process, which has featured on BBC and CNN.

The advertisers want people to try out their products or services, and they're willing to pay to promote ... it's simple, less expensive for them than tv advertising and much more effective !

Saturday, September 01, 2007

Amazing Animal Photo Gallery

Otters holding hands (see related video, viewed by 8 million people already)

(image credit: KSB)

Oops! the wrong end:

Do not kick this ball:

Hey, what are you up to?!

His friend is up to no good, as well. See here.

and this guy is not hesitating, either:

These animals are not really ugly, just overly expressive:

Man-made ugliness:

Apes & Monkeys:

Felines & Canines

Getting hungry:

Purely American way to exercise your dog:

(image credit: Modern Mechanix)

Humans obey their master:

Simple and nice:

Bears in all kinds of mischief:

Polar Bear Swimming. Great shot, sent to us by Richard Lehoux:
(note the "AC/DC" mark under its nose)

(image credit: Zut le Flash)

Elephants could be funny:

Some moments in bird's life:

How to prepare a kiwi:

Loving affection:

Careful with the crocodile!

Animal Photographers:

And a couple of photoshop jobs we liked:

(image credit: